UPSC is the premier recruiting agency for the Government of India. UPSC is responsible for recruiting candidates for All India Services, Central Services, Cadres, as well as the Armed Forces of the Union of India. UPSC full form is the Union Public Service Commission. This article will throw more light on the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and the examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission.
The Union Public Service Commission was established on 1st October 1926. Its preceding agencies were Public Service Commission and Federal Public Service Commission. After Independence, it was renamed as the Union Public Service Commission. The Minister responsible for this Commission is the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
The Union Public Service Commission, is India’s main central recruiting agency for Group ‘A’ officers of the Government of India under Union Government Civil Services, Union Government Law Services, Union Government Functionality Services, Union Government Architecture Services, Union Government Natural Resources Services, Union Government Health Science Services, Union Government Engineering Services, and Union Government Defense Services.
The Union Public Service Commission can advise the Government through the President, as the UPSC reports directly to the President of India. However, it should be noted that the advice given by the Commission is not binding on the Government. In disciplinary matters, in matters of promotion, transfer, appointments, the Government has to consult UPSC. For appointments to the services of the Union and All India Services, the Commission is given the powers by the Constitution. Along with the Election Commission of India, and Higher Judiciary of India, the UPSC is one of the few institutions of India which has the freedom to function with autonomy.
The Union Public Service Commission conducts various UPSC exams such as the Civil Services Examination, Indian Economic Service – Indian Statistical Service Examination, Combined Medical Services Examination, National Defense Academy and Naval Academy Examination, Indian Forest Service Examination, Combined Defense Services Examination, Engineering Services Examination, Combined Geo-Scientist Examination,Central Armed Police Forces (ACs) Examination, CISF AC(EXE) LDCE examination, etc.
One of the most popular and most well-known UPSC exams is the Indian Civil Service Exam. Prospective candidates must note that the UPSC Civil Service exam is used to not only fill vacancies in the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), but this examination is conducted to fill vacancies in a total of 24 different services. The 24 different services can be divided into different categories such as Group ‘B’ Civil Services, Group ‘A’ Civil Services, and All India Services. There are a total of 3 All India Services, 5 Group ‘B’ Civil Services, and 16 Group ‘A’ Civil Services.
The 3 All India Services recruited through UPSC exams are Indian Forest Service (IFoS), Indian Police Service (IPS), and Indian Administrative Service (IAS). UPSC exams are conducted to recruit candidates for Group ‘A’ Civil Services such as Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Postal Service (IPoS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS), Indian Trade Service (ITS), Indian Defense Accounts Service (IDAS), Indian Defense Estates Service (IDES), Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS), Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS), Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS), Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS), Indian Trade Service (ITS), Railway Protection Force (RPF), Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS), Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS), Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IAAS), etc. The Group ‘B’ Civil Services recruitment done through the UPSC exams are the Pondicherry Police Service, the Pondicherry Civil Service, the Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, DANIPS, and DANICS.